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The value chain of pulp, paper and board represents 4.5% of Spanish GDP and generates one in every fifty jobs in our country


Presentation of the socio-economic importance of the pulp, paper and board value chain report


Spanish pulp, paper and board vaule chain organizations present the Report to the Minister of Industry, Commerce and Tourism



  • 369,036 workers, 18.5% of industrial employment and 2% of total employment
  • 12,536 million euros in salaries
  • 48,471 million euros in turnover, 8.8% of the Spanish industry’s turnover and 4.5% of Spanish GDP
  • 7,424 million euros in taxes and social contributions, 1.8% of the State’s total tax collection 


4 out of every € 50 of the Spanish industry’s turnover • 1 out of every 50 total jobs • 9 out of every 50 industrial jobs • 1 out of every 50 € collected by the State (taxes and social contributions) 


The Spanish value chain of pulp, paper and board is one of the main drivers of the country's economy due to its leverage and carry-over effect on the overall economic activity, generating activity in many other branches.

The Spanish pulp, paper and board value chain globally contributes 4.5% of the GDP and generates one in every fifty jobs in the country, according to the report Socio-economic importance of the value chain of pulp, paper and board developed by CEPREDE for the organizations of the chain, which has been presented at the Ministry of Industry, Commerce and Tourism. In addition, four out of every fifty euros of the industry’s turnover and one out of every fifty euros collected by the State through taxes or social contributions in Spain are related to the activity of this value chain. 

Mercedes Dones, Sectorial Area manager of CEPREDE, highlighted the methodological rigor and uniqueness of the report, which includes not only the direct impact of a company or a sector, but also the contribution to the Spanish economy in all its dimensions of a whole value chain implying a vast array of economic activities.
The conclusions of the report were presented by Carlos Reinoso, general manager of ASPAPEL, who explained that "behind each paper or board product, there is a circular bioindustry with a sustainable future."
Reyes Maroto, Spanish Minister of Industry, Commerce and Tourism, mentioned that "this report covers the entire paper chain. A very particular value chain, because in addition to what it entails in terms of employment creation and wealth, it is an example of application of the circular economy". The Minister also reminded that "the paper industry is a pioneering sector with which the Ministry collaborates in various projects, and this close relation resulted in the presentation of the Sectorial Agenda for the Paper Industry at the beginning of this year."

Four out of every fifty euros of the Spanish industry’s turnover
The value chain of pulp, paper and board begins in nature with the plantations for paper, from which the natural and renewable raw material is obtained for the paper industry to produce pulp and paper. In the following link, from the paper, the transforming companies produce an extensive range of paper and board products such as containers and packaging of all kinds (boxes, bags...), stationery material (envelopes, notebooks, folders...) and tissue products (toilet paper, tissues, paper towels...). The value chain continues with the printing, reproduction and finishing services sector, with advertising and direct marketing companies and with the publishing industry for books, newspapers and magazines. This powerful chain of employment and wealth creation also integrates postal and shipping activities dedicated to sending letters and parcels. And finally, the chain ends with the sector of paper and board collection that collects and treats the used paper to return it to the paper mills.
The global turnover generated (48,471 million euros) corresponds to 8.8% of the Spanish industry’s turnover and 4.5% of Spanish GDP.

Carry-over effect: 78% of purchases and investment go to domestic suppliers
In the development of its activity, the chain makes purchases to other sectors amounting to 14,566 million euros and develops investments valued at 842 million euros. 78% of purchases and investments are directed to domestic suppliers, which explains the significant carry-over effect of the value chain within the domestic economy.
Purchases represent 63% of direct turnover, almost twelve percentage points above what they account for in the overall economy. The chain invests 3.6% of its direct turnover, more than one point above the average, in the overall manufacturing industry.
As far as purchases are concerned, the energy chapter stands out. Moreover, the investments are mainly directed to engineering, construction and machinery technical services.
The innovation costs of the value chain are estimated at 491 million euros, 8.1% of the overall manufacturing industry in this chapter.
Nine out of every fifty industrial jobs in Spain and a total payroll of more than 12,500 million euros
Considering the direct, indirect and induced employment, representing a total of 369,036 workers, the jobs generated correspond to 18.5% of industrial employment and 2% of total employment in our country.
With regard to the type of employment, stability is a distinguishing feature of the value chain. 82% of the direct employment generated is steady, with 149,473 permanent employees and 32,897 temporary employees.
The qualification of workers is another characteristic of the chain in the employment area. 73% of direct jobs are from workers with technical training, along with 17% of executives and technicians and 10% of administrative staff.
The average salary in the companies of the chain amounts to 33,391 euros, 9% above the average salary in our country, which represents 6,090 million euros per year in salaries to direct employees, and a payroll of 12,536 million euros if direct, indirect and induced employment are considered.
One in every fifty euros collected by the State through taxes or social contributions
Through contributions, VAT, Income Tax and Corporate Tax, the overall contribution of the value chain amounts to 7,424 million euros, 1.8% of the total tax collection of the State.
As an example of the magnitude of this global fiscal contribution of the value chain, we can say that, for example, this figure would amply fund the budget allocated to civil and military R&D&i, or that it would almost cover the expenditure allocated to infrastructures in the general State budgets. 



AFCO, Spanish Association of Corrugated Cardboard Containers and Packaging Manufacturers
ASPACK, Spanish Association of Manufacturers of Packaging and Transformed Cardboard
ASPAPEL,Spanish Association of Pulp and Paper Manufacturers
FGEE, Spanish Association of Publishers Guilds
LA BOLSA DE PAPEL, Iberian Association of Manufacturers of Paper Bags
MESA DE LA NUEVA RECUPERACION, Platform for Recovering Paper and Carboard Companies in Spain
NEOBIS, Graphic Communication Association
REPACAR, Spanish Recyclers Paper and Board Association


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